Reference Sold Items: Tables

We look at the design of various types of furniture and furnishings, the interior architecture , as well as materials and techniques, plus some of the main designers. Menuiserie or Ebenisterie During the 16th century furniture was the province of the menuisier who worked in solid wood. The nearest English equivalent to the term is ‘carpenter and joiner’, but this is not entirely satisfactory. At this time the technique of inlaying, extremely fashionable in Italy, was in France the province of the menuisier, but when it was replaced by more sophisticated techniques such as veneering and marquetry in the early years of the 17th century, the most skilled menuisiers became known as ebenistes, a term often translated as ‘cabinet-maker’ which again is not strictly accurate. The menuisier proper continued to be responsible for seat-furniture, table-supports, such furniture as buffets a kind of cupboard and armoires wardrobes of solid wood, the decorative carved panelling for walls boiseries , door-cases and overdoor mouldings, and window-cases and shutters. In this he was assisted by wood-carvers, and by painters, varnishers, and gilders. Ebenistes were so called from the fact that when ebony ebene was first introduced into France towards the end of the 16th century it was an exceedingly rare and expensive wood used principally for veneers and inlays. Craftsmen who specialized in this work became known as menuisiers en ebene, later shortened to ebenistes, and since veneering was almost invariably done on case-furniture of one kind or another the ebeniste was necessarily also a cabinet-maker.

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Purpose[ edit ] The Companies were originally formed to guarantee that a Member was trustworthy and fully qualified, and that the goods they produced were of reputable quality, the two-fold aim being to protect the Public and to protect members from charlatans. Entry[ edit ] Entry to a Livery Company may be by one of four routes: This is now rare. In earlier days, someone wishing to enter such a trade would bind themselves apprentice to a Member of their chosen trade.

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This magnificent Neoclassic reproduction of a Boston table, circa , was designed to be portable and store compactly. Made of figurative mahogany with extensive reeding, this table has two gates supported by tapered columnar posts and splayed legs with brass paw feet and casters. This is a perfect table for intimate dining. Previously made by Kittinger as a Model CW This particular dining table is the first made by Kittinger for the Colonial Williamsburg Reproduction Program and, therefore, is extremely rare.

It is available with one or two 24″ leaves for seating of up to eight or ten, respectively. The end sections can be used separately as console tables or stored upright thus allowing the center section to be used for more intimate dining or gaming. Its truly elegant Queen Anne style provides the ultimate in dining luxury. Made of solid mahogany, this table has no veneering, and comes with two, 24″ leaves for additional seating.

It has double pedestals with four out-swept legs on casters providing comfort and stability. This table comes with two, 18″ leaves. Made of select solid mahogany, this table features a multi-beaded edge and Regency style tripod legs terminating in brass caster feet giving the table comfort, stability and mobility. This table features beautiful clean lines, superlative graining on its top and rests on graceful cabriole legs terminating in pad feet.

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Wood Wood is the material most often used for making furniture. Although there are over a hundred different kinds that can be used for furniture, some woods have natural properties that make them superior to the others. A relatively cheap material, wood lends itself to various kinds of treatment; for example, it can be stained, painted, gilded, and glued.

It can be shaped by means of hand- or power-operated cutting and drilling tools.

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The practice of using natural objects as rudimentary pieces of furniture likely dates to the beginning of human civilisation. The site dates from — BC and due to a shortage of wood in Orkney, the people of Skara Brae were forced to build with stone, a readily available material that could be worked easily and turned into items for use within the household. Each house shows a high degree of sophistication and was equipped with an extensive assortment of stone furniture, ranging from cupboards, dressers and beds to shelves, stone seats, and limpet tanks.

The stone dresser was regarded as the most important as it symbolically faces the entrance in each house and is therefore the first item seen when entering, perhaps displaying symbolic objects, including decorative artwork such as several Neolithic Carved Stone Balls also found at the site. Pieces found here include tables and inlaid serving stands. There are also surviving works from the 9th-8th-century BC Assyrian palace of Nimrud.

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The practice of using natural objects as rudimentary pieces of furniture likely dates to the beginning of human civilisation. The site dates from — BC and due to a shortage of wood in Orkney, the people of Skara Brae were forced to build with stone, a readily available material that could be worked easily and turned into items for use within the household. Each house shows a high degree of sophistication and was equipped with an extensive assortment of stone furniture, ranging from cupboards, dressers and beds to shelves, stone seats, and limpet tanks.

The stone dresser was regarded as the most important as it symbolically faces the entrance in each house and is therefore the first item seen when entering, perhaps displaying symbolic objects, including decorative artwork such as several Neolithic Carved Stone Balls also found at the site. Pieces found here include tables and inlaid serving stands. There are also surviving works from the 9th-8th-century BC Assyrian palace of Nimrud.

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Furniture Wood If you have a worn old dresser or rickety heirloom chair on your hands, you may be thinking of refinishing it yourself. Older mass-produced pieces whose origins fall somewhere between and are ideal candidates for refinishing. However, if you have questions about how old your piece is, consult an expert first, says Teri Masaschi , author of Foolproof Wood Finishing: Here are some general guidelines to assessing the age and quality of your piece.

But keep in mind that there are lots of exceptions to these rules, so err on the side of caution. Hand-cut dovetails can date an older American piece to before , although hobbyists and specialty makers still use them. Hand dovetails are slightly irregular and the pins are thin and tapered. Wider, uniform machine-cut dovetails were common in factory-made pieces from until the modern era.

Hand dovetails pictured below, top piece are slightly irregular and the pins are thin and tapered. Wider, uniform machine-cut dovetails pictured below, bottom piece were common in factory-made pieces from until the modern era. Kriner, Fox Chapel Publishing Look for solid wood or plywood backing Look at the backside of your piece, including the insides and backs of drawers if applicable. Solid wood backing indicates a piece is likely pre s; plywood came into vogue around the turn of the 20th century.

Early pieces that were handcrafted will sometimes bear an inscription from an individual furniture maker, a clue to its value that should be examined by a professional appraiser.

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Purpose[ edit ] Training and industry[ edit ] The companies were originally formed, starting in the 12th century, to guarantee that a member was trustworthy and fully qualified, and that the goods they produced were of reputable quality, the two-fold aim being to protect the public and to protect members from charlatans. Many were formed up until the 17th century, when political upheaval and the growth of London around the City meant the companies, which only controlled trade in the City itself, began to struggle to compete.

From the s however, there was a revival, with the companies extending their original educational purpose to technical education, supporting new industries and providing the training necessary to them, most notably the City and Guilds of London Institute. Today, they support both their members, and wider charitable aims and activities, including those supporting education and training. The senior members of the livery companies, i. This is now rare.

Another use for casters is to estimate the date of the furniture. Look to see if the caster is a leathern bowl or roller. This is one of the earliest forms of casters, indicative of furniture made during the Queen Anne period in the early s.

Its soft, rich color palette in the medallion and background will coordinate beautifully with a multitude of fabric designs and colors. This rug is of the highest quality and in excellent condition. When in our Showrooms looking at furniture and accessories, many customers have expressed an interest in our collection of antique Persian rugs.

We, therefore, decided to offer when available only the finest and most authentic reproductions. Unlike original 19th and 20th century Persian rugs, the cost is not prohibitive and unlike other reproductions in the marketplace today, this rug is not a cartoon like adaptation. Width 6 Feet and Length 9 Feet. Made of mahogany with a turned post and cabriole legs, this piece is the perfect fireplace accessory. Made of fine mahogany, in the English Rococo style, this wine case is double tiered to accomodate 12 square decanters Model CW6.

The upper tray has delicately crested sides and lifts up when unlocked to access the lower tray. The legs have sturdy brass casters for ease of mobility.

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Any Any A link has directed you to this review. Its location on this page may change next time you visit. I work a lot taking care of my husband, lifting things and lifting him. It helps me as well by raising it up.

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Mesopotamia In the museum at Baghdad, in the British Museum , and in the University of Pennsylvania at Philadelphia are finely executed objects in beaten copper from the royal graves at Ur modern Tall al-Muqayyar in ancient Sumer. This relief illustrates the high level of art and technical skill attained by the Sumerians in the days of the 1st dynasty of Ur c. The malleability of unalloyed copper, which renders it too soft for weapons, is peculiarly valuable in the formation of vessels of every variety of form; and it has been put to this use in almost every age.

Copper domestic vessels were regularly made in Sumer during the 4th millennium bc and in Egypt a little later. Egypt From whatever source Egypt may have obtained its metalworking processes, Egyptian work at a remote period possesses an excellence that, in some respects, has never been surpassed. Throughout Egyptian history, the same smiths who worked in the precious metals worked also in copper and bronze.

Nearly every fashionable Egyptian, man or woman, possessed a hand mirror of polished copper, bronze, or silver. Copper pitchers and basins for hand washing at meals were placed in the tombs. An unusual example in the Metropolitan Museum of Art is plated with antimony to imitate silver, which was very rare in the Old Kingdom c. The basins and the bodies of the ewers were hammered from single sheets of copper. The spouts of the ewers were cast in molds and attached to the bodies by means of copper rivets or were simply inserted in place and crimped to the bodies by cold hammering.

Middle Ages Europe The first well-designed copper objects to survive in the West date from about the middle of the Carolingian period, the 8th century ad. Who made them is not known, but one can assume that in the early Middle Ages they were mainly the work of monks.

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You’ll also be signed up to receive e-newsletters from Antique Trader and partners. In the 18th century, carpet and other floor coverings were in much less general use than in the 20th century and as such, floor care did not consist of carpet sweeping so much as the mopping of wooden or stone floors. Brass casters and forks or porcelain wheels served as lifts to keep the furniture off the floors during mopping so if the piece did get wet, it was the brass wheels and not the wood that had to deal with the moisture.

The small wheels also were useful in moving heavier pieces small distances around the floor for cleaning purposes. But that was then, and things are different now. Carpeting and area rugs have been in general use for most of this century so the floor thing is no longer a valid reason for wheels.

Chairs are as important and necessary as furniture gets; whatever it is you do, you need a chair and the support and comfort it provides to make accomplishments possible.

We do not sell reproductions or use cheap modern spray finishes. History of Antique Furniture – A Guide to Antique Dining Tables In terms of the antique dining tables available today we perhaps think as far back as the 16th Century for primitive plank top refectory tables but of coarse the civilised Worlds of ancient history have always built tables for dining. Perhaps the very first were smooth flat rocks used by our cave dwelling ancestors? Generally speaking the further we look back in recent centuries the rarer the table and hence greater the price.

Fortunately, in terms of budget, many of these early refectory tables were revived copied at later dates and have survived in greater numbers. By the mid 18th Century our seafaring merchants were importing highly fashionable exotic timbers and mahogany became the most desirable choice for cabinet makers and their clients. The transition from a mixed period of construction of earlier primitive design and cleaner Georgian designs during the early 18th Century soon became nearly exclusively formal designs during George II reign due to the enormous influence of Thomas Chippendale and his piers.

It was during this early Chippendale period that the first examples of adjustable and extendable dining tables were designed and made.

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Antique Claw Foot Tables Casters are a great addition to antique chairs because they help protect the chair legs and keep them in good shape. When chairs are dragged across the floor it can cause the joints between the legs and the seats to become loose. Wheeled casters eliminate this problem. The added height and swivel mobility also provides additional flexibility to furniture. They also help protect the floor underneath. Dragging chair legs can scrape hardwood floors, but wheeled casters will not.

These heavy-duty casters are durable and designed for These heavy-duty casters are durable and designed for use in the most demanding environments. Metal thread guards grease seal to hold lubricant and corrosion-resistant zinc finish.

How to Date Furniture by Casters By Ann Johnson ; Updated April 12, Furniture casters are viewed as a convenience that helps us move furniture so we can vacuum or rearrange the room. Yet, casters sometimes had more to do with lighting than housekeeping or design. Casters were fit on the legs of desks to allow the desk to be moved around the room to capture the changing sunlight throughout the day. Another use for casters is to estimate the date of the furniture. Look to see if the caster is a leathern bowl or roller.

This is one of the earliest forms of casters, indicative of furniture made during the Queen Anne period in the early s. Inspect the casters to see if they are made from wood and held in place by iron. Wood casters held by iron plates might indicate the Georgian Period from to Determine if the casters are made from cast iron instead of wood. This would indicate a later Georgian period, from to Check to see if the caster is brass with a laminated leather caster.

This style could indicate the Georgian period from to Verify if the caster is solid brass. This can indicate the furniture style of the Georgian period from to

Furniture Casters Installation – Swivel Plate Type Casters for Flat Surfaces